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Industry News

First, the product market analysis

1, the product uses

Dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) is an intermediate for pesticides and dyes. It is a raw material of fenthion, methomyl, methanesulfonic acid and methanesulfonyl chloride. It is used as catalyst deactivator in the petroleum industry, The whole device is used for activator of platinum rhenium catalyst deactivation agent, ethylene cracking furnace coking inhibitor, hydrodesulfurization and presulfuration process; rubber liquid vulcanizing agent, curing agent DADMT raw material and organic solvent.

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an aprotic polar solvent. Because it has a special solvent for chemical reactions and the dissolution of many substances, has always been known as the "universal solvent." In addition, it has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, sedative and promote wound healing effect on the body has a strong penetration and other drugs carry, synergistic effect. Therefore, DMSO in the petroleum, chemical, pharmaceutical, electronics, synthetic fibers, plastics, printing and dyeing industries are widely used.

2, foreign market forecast analysis

2.1 DMDS market supply situation and forecast

At present, the production of dimethyl disulfide companies mainly concentrated in France, Germany and the United States and a few countries, in 2012 the global total capacity of 310,000 tons. The United States is the world's largest producer of dimethyl disulfide, accounting for 25.81% of total global production capacity. The global distribution of dimethyl disulfide production is shown in Table 2-1.


Table 2-1 Distribution of dimethyl disulfide production capacity


No.
country
Production scale (ten thousand tons / a)
Quot(%)
Remarks
1
France
4.5
14.52

2
United Kingdom
3.5
11.29

3
United States
8
25.81

4
Germany
6
19.35

5
Belgium
1.5
4.84

6
China
6
19.35

7
other
1.5
4.84

total
31
100


2012 Dimethyl disulfide abroad manufacturers and production scale in Table 2-2.

Table 2-2 foreign dimethyl disulfide manufacturers and production scale


company name
Country
Production scale (10,000 tons / year)
Arkema France S.A. (Formerly Atofina)
France
4.5
Oxford Chemicals Ltd.
England
3.5
Arkema Inc., Thiochemicals Unit (Formerly Atofina)
U.S.A.
8
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company, L.P.
U.S.A.

SAFC - Sigma Aldrich Fine Chemicals
U.S.A.

ZX CHEMTECH
U.S.A.

Chevron Phillips Chemicals International N.V.
Belgium
1.5
BECKMANN - KENKO GMBH
Germany
6
C-LAB Chemievermittlung GmbH
Germany

Gulec Chemicals GmbH
Germany

BB Baumanagement AG
Germany

Others
-
1.5
Total
-
25


2.2 2013-2016 DMDS global market supply situation and development trend forecast

2013 global output has reached an annual output of 31.5 million tons in 2014 with an annual output of 32.2 thousand tons.

The next few years the world's dimethyl disulfide production growth rate will be about 6% in 2016 will reach 35.2 million tons.


 Global production of DMDS from 2010 to2016

2.3 DMSO market supply situation and forecast

Foreign only Gaylord, Alkema, France and Japan, TFC has a dimethyl sulfoxide production plant, in 2010 the sum of foreign dimethyl sulfoxide production capacity (including recovery unit) to 3.2 million tons / year. Of which the United States Gaylord production capacity of 9,000 tons / year to paper mill by-product of dimethyl sulfide as raw material; France Alkema production capacity of 06,000 tons / year to hydrogen sulfide as raw material; Japan TFC total production capacity Of its 17,000 tons / year, in Japan to hydrogen sulfide as raw material production capacity of 10 million tons / year, 07,000 tons / year production plant in Taiwan.

2.4 DMSO market demand and forecast

As China's dimethyl sulfoxide in product quality, price and geographical position on the competitive advantage, has been basically occupied the Asian market. 2010, including China, including the Asian market consumption of about 63,000 tons. A few years ago, most Asian countries imported from France and the United States of dimethyl sulfoxide, as China's dimethyl sulfoxide product quality improvement and low prices have the competitive advantage in recent years, the market has been gradually occupied by our country. With the application of dimethyl sulfoxide continue to explore the market demand will continue to grow into the market since 2015 the demand for dimethyl sulfoxide is constantly increasing. Asia is expected in 2016 the demand will reach 85,000 tons.

Since the beginning of this century, the third-generation quinolone antibacterial drugs with dimethyl sulfoxide as raw material abroad have developed rapidly. Coupled with the application of dimethyl sulfoxide in the carbon fiber and other areas of the expansion of the growing market demand, especially India, Japan, South Korea's demand increased rapidly. 2010 to 2015, the Indian market demand for 12,000 to 15,000 tons, the Indian market in 2016 demand will reach more than 18,000 tons.

2.5 domestic market forecast analysis

2.5.1 DMDS market supply situation and forecast

As of 2014, China's dimethyl disulfide production capacity of 7.2 million tons. Domestic production of dimethyl disulfide mainly in the north, northwest and other places, the current production of dimethyl disulfide in China about 38 enterprises, domestic manufacturers are in the scale of 1000 tons / year, with an annual output of 5,000 tons or more Of the enterprises less. The main production companies have Langfang Jinsheng Chemical Co., Ltd., salt Yabo Lai Xingya Chemical Co., Ltd., Erdos City Xintailong Fine Chemical Co., Ltd. and Langfang Haoke Technology Development Co., China's dimethyl disulfide production capacity distribution in Table 2-3.


Table 2-3 Distribution of Domestic Dimethyl Disulfide Capacity (2014)


No.
area
Production scale (10,000 tons / year)
Quot
Remarks
1
North China
3.71
51.5

2
Huadong Region
0.4
5.55

3
Central China
0.25
3.47

4
North-west region
2.84
39.44

total
7.2
100


2.5.2 Analysis of DMDS Market Supply in China from 2014 to 2020 and Forecast of Its Development Trend

With the dimethyl disulfide in pesticides, dyes, petroleum, chemical, rubber and other fields continue to promote the application of dimethyl disulfide production and demand for stable growth. In 2014 to 7.2 million tons in 2015 has reached more than 750,000 tons, is expected in the next few years China's dimethyl disulfide production growth rate will be more than 8% in 2016 will reach more than 80,000 tons, is expected to reach 2020 More than 130,000 tons.

Production Trend and Forecast of DMDS in China from 2014 to


Figure 2-2 2014-2020 DMDS China's production trends and forecasts

2.5.3 domestic market demand forecast for DMDS supply

At present, the application of dimethyl disulfide in the domestic market demand, which, in the eastern part of the larger market demand, mainly for methyl sulfonic acid, methyl sulfonyl chloride, methyl sulfonamide and other products. Dimethyl disulfide in the field of pesticides is the main purpose of the production of pesticides fenthion of raw materials. The main needs of enterprises are Taizhou City Suning Chemical Co., Ltd., Nanyang City Chemical Co., Ltd. accessible, Hubei Spark Chemical Co., Ltd., Xinyi City Taisong Chemical Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Huangyan Central Chemical Plant.

Dimethyl disulfide is used as catalyst deactivator in the petroleum industry, such as coking inhibitor of ethylene cracking furnace, activator of hydrodesulfurization and precuring process, and also used as liquid vulcanizing agent for rubber, curing agent DADMT raw material and organic Solvents and the like. Domestic large-scale petrochemical enterprises such as Zhenhai Petrochemical, Tianjin Petrochemical, Shanghai Petrochemical, Qilu Petrochemical, and most are also in the eastern region, the dimethyl disulfide also has a larger market demand, is expected to market demand in the eastern part of the total domestic demand More than 65%.

The main markets of this project are petrochemical, rubber and chemical industry. The main application enterprises are Xinjiang Karamay Refinery, Xinjiang Dushanzi Refinery, PetroChina Lanzhou Petrochemical Company and so on. The annual demand is about 12,000 tons.

The domestic market demand and distribution are shown in Table 2-4


                  Demand and Distribution of Major Domestic Markets in DMDS (2016)


地区
需求量(万吨)
备注
中东部
5.0
65.8%
西部
1.2
15.8%
东北
0.4
5.2%
华南
0.4
5.2%
其他地区
0.6
8.0%
合计
7.6
100%


2.5.4 DMSO市场供应现状及预测

我国从上世纪60年代末期开始生产二甲基亚砜,当时只有辽宁本溪生产,随之又有河南安阳,两家的总产量只有600/年,而主要用在芳烃抽提上。随着生产技术的不断完善,以及新的抗菌素药物氟哌酸的问世和发展,促进了我国二甲基亚砜生产的快速发展。截至到2008年底,我国先后共建成10多套二甲基亚砜生产装置,总生产能力共计35000/年,但实际正常生产的装置仅有6套,生产能力合计为30000/年。我国二甲基亚砜最大生产厂家是重庆兴发金冠化工有限公司,其生产能力10000/年。目前我国成为世界上第一大二甲基亚砜生产国,并已从进口国发展成为主要出口国。

20132015年中国二甲基亚砜主要生产厂家生产情况见表2-5

2-5         2013年~2015年中国二甲基亚砜主要生产厂家情况


生产厂家名称
设计
能力
(吨)
2013年度
2014年度
2015年度



产量(吨)
开工率%
产量(吨)
开工率%
产量(吨)
开工率%
重庆兴发金冠化工有限公司
20000
15000
75
16000
80
14000
70
贵州兴发化工有限公司
25000
12500
50
15000
60
15000
60
新疆兴发化工有限公司
20000
10000
50
14000
70
13000
65
兖矿鲁南化工科技有限公司
6000
5000
83.3
4500
75
4200
70
山西丰喜集团新绛分公司
6000
5000
83.3
4200
70
3600
60
沧州东丽精细化工有限公司
10000
8000
80
7000
70
6500
65
合计
87000
55500

60700

56300


2.5.5 DMSO市场需求现状及预测

据调查目前国内市场对二甲基亚砜的总需求量估计在55000吨左右,其中大量用于医药及化工中间体的合成中。农药腈菌唑由于具有独特的药效,这个品种发展潜力比较大,所以二甲基亚砜在腈菌唑上使用的需求量,估计会有所增加,当前碳纤维行业对二甲基砜的需求增长速度迅速。

3下游消费领域市场发展趋势分析

3.1  下游各消费领域市场份额及发展速度分析

二甲基二硫主要用于农药、染料、石油、化工、橡胶等领域。在全球范围,二甲基二硫在各应用领域的消费比例依次是农药30%、染料 20%、石油17%、化工 22%、橡胶7%、其它4%。

2-3  全球二甲基二硫在各应用领域的需求构成

3.2 2012年2016年全球DMDS产能、产量开工率趋势

2012年全球二甲基二硫的需求达到22.96万吨,2013年27.50万吨,2014年30.15万吨,2015年32.14万吨,2016年将达到34.15万吨以上

 2012年2016年全球DMDS产能、产量开工率趋势变化见图2-4

2-4

3.3 供需状况分析及预测

3.3.1 DMDS供需状况及预测

2015年-2017年二甲基二硫全球需求预测如表 2-6。

表 2-6         2015年-2017年二甲基二硫全球情况预测


年度
2015年
2016年
2017年
全球产量(万吨)
33.50
35.20
38.60
全球需求量(万吨)
32.14
34.15
37.86
我国产量(万吨)
7.50
8.00
10.00
我国需求量(万吨)
6.50
7.60
9.80


3.3.2 DMSO供需状况及预测

2015年国外二甲基亚砜供求平衡分析见表2-7

2-7            2015年国外二甲基亚砜供需平衡分析


 
2015年(吨/年)
产量
82000
进口量
32000
出口量
25000
表观消费量
89000
产量与表观消费量比
7000


Note: apparent consumption = output + import volume - export volume.

Taiwan and South Korea will use dimethyl sulfoxide as a circuit board cleaning agent, need more than 8,000 tons per year. China has not yet developed the use of this area.

The market analysis of the data show that the next few years (2016 to 2020) foreign imports of dimethyl sulfoxide demand will have a certain growth, import demand is expected to more than 50,000 tons.

China's dimethyl sulfoxide supply and demand balance in 2015, see Table 2-8


     Analysis on Supply - Demand Balance of China 's Dimethyl Sulfoxide in2015


Year
2015 (tons / year)
Yield
56000
Import amount
3500
Export amount
12500
Apparent consumption
47000
Production and apparent consumption ratio
9000


Note: apparent consumption = output + import volume - export volume.

The recent (2016 to 2020), according to the survey of the domestic market, the total demand for dimethyl sulfoxide is estimated at 56,500 tons, of which a large number of used in the synthesis of pharmaceutical and chemical intermediates. Pesticide Myclobutanil due to a unique efficacy, the development potential of this species is relatively large, so dimethyl sulfoxide in the use of myclobutanil on the demand is expected to increase, the current carbon fiber industry demand for dimethyl sulfone The growth rate is very fast. Dimethyl sulfone in health care products as a sorbent has been widely recognized, especially in the international market is very optimistic. At present, China's production of dimethyl sulfone is mainly exported to the international market, and export situation is very good. Domestic development and use of dimethyl sulfoxide is still in its infancy, it is estimated that the next few years will be developed to increase its market demand. In addition, according to the analysis of China's exports of dimethyl sulfoxide, it is estimated that the export volume of dimethyl sulfoxide will have a greater growth.

Medium-term (2020 ~ 2025), in the long run, dimethyl sulfoxide market development also depends on the new application areas.

① the development of organic synthesis industry and the development of new drug production purposes

From a longer period of time, foreign quinolone drugs over the patent protection period, China may have quinolone drug production, when the consumption of dimethyl sulfoxide will increase. With the development of dimethyl sulfone health products, the demand for dimethyl sulfone may increase. The production of dimethyl sulfone increased, the consumption of dimethyl sulfoxide will also increase the amount.

② dimethyl sulfoxide instead of dimethylformamide

Because dimethylformamide and dimethyl sulfoxide in the chemical solvents for the properties of relatively similar, but DMF is toxic, so in some areas in the future may be replaced with dimethyl sulfoxide dimethyl formamide .

③ dimethyl sulfoxide in the field of carbon fiber applications

The use of dimethyl sulfoxide carbon fiber requires a relatively high quality, a larger amount of growth is a new space for development of new areas.

The market analysis of the data show that the next few years (2016 ~ 2025) domestic demand for dimethyl sulfoxide will have a certain growth, new demand is expected to more than 50,000 tons.


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